Yoga Theory 101

What is Yoga?

Who is
Patanjali Maharishi – Wrote the Yoga Sutra (8 Limbs of Yoga) in the 2nd century BCE, year 200)
KrishnaMacharya – The Father of Modern Yoga, an Ayurvedic healer, a scholar, teacher of Madame Indra Devi, Sri K. Pattabhi Jois, Sri B.K.S Iyengar
Sri K. Pattabhi Jois – Founder of Ashantaga Yoga
Swami Sirvananda – Founder of Divine Life Society (DLS), wrote 200 books, was a doctor in Malaysia, spiritual teacher
B.K.S Iyengar – Founder of Iyengar Yoga, introduced yoga to the west

Types of Modern Yoga
Hatha
Hatha Vinyasa
Ashtanga
Yin
Iyengar
Kundalini
Pre/Post Natal
Kids Yoga
Hot Yoga
Acro Vinyasa

Doshas (3 types of energy in body)
Vatta (Air&Space)
Pitta (Fire&Water)
Kapha (Earth&Water)

3 Gunas (Personality, Nature, Psychological Attributes)
Satvic – Positivity, Harmonic, Balance, Calmness, Intelligence, Happiness, Brightness
Rayasic – Energy, Action, Movement
Tamasic – Darkness, Laziness, Impurity, Sickness, Inactive

Nadis (Channels in the body, Flow of Prana)
Pingala Nadi – Sun, right
IDA Nadi – Moon, left
Sushuma Nadi – Mooladhara Chakra to Sahasrara Chakra, path of ascending kundalini energy

Kriyas (Cleansing Technique)
1. Jala Neti (nostril cleansing)
2. Sutra Neti (nostril to throat cleansing)
3. Jala Dhauti (stomach cleansing)
4. Sutra Dhauti (stomach cleansing)
5. Nauli (stomach cleansing)
6. Basti (stomach cleansing)
7. Trataka (eye cleansing)
8. Kapalabhati (nostril cleansing)

Chakras (Wheel of spinning Energy)
1. Mooladhara, Root (Red)
2. Swadhistana, Sacral (Orange)
3. Manipura, Solar Plexus (Yellow)
4. Anahata, Heart (Green)
5. Visnuddha, Throat (Blue)
6. Ajna , Third Eye/Brow (Purple)
7. Sahasrara, Crown (White, Gold, Rainbow, Violet)

Pranayama (Breathing Technique) Prana = life force energy, Ayama = expand & extend
1. Ujjayi (Ocean Breathe)
2. Kapalabhati (Skull Shining Breathe)
3. Bramari (Bumble bee)
4. Nadi Shodana/Kumbaka (Alternate nostril breathing)/retention – extend life force
5. Bhastrika (Bellow’s Breathe)

4 Paths of Yoga
1. Bhakti Yoga (Practice of Love)
2. Karma Yoga (Action and Reaction – selfless service expect no return)
3. Jnana Yoga (Knowledge)
4. Raja Yoga (King- 8 Limbs of Yoga)

8 Limbs of Yoga
1. Yama (Should not do)
2. Niyama (Do)
3. Asana (Physical exercise)
4. Pranayama (Breathing technique)
5. Pratyahara (Mental exercise) Withdrawal of your senses
6. Dharana (Mental exercise) Concentration
7. Dhyana (Mental exercise) Meditation
8. Samadhi (State of Enlightenment)

Meditation
1. Nidra
2. 108 OM